Sunday, 4 June 2017

#106: Cloudy Spring

We've had them before, where the two weeks from last quarter moon to first quarter are completely useless for deep sky work.  However, that does not stop the disgust and outrage for and at Mother Nature on my part.  Especially when the period from first quarter moon to last quarter provided 8 beautifully clear nights.  This is not a conducive time to view Leo and Bootes galaxies, however.  And it is not conducive to maintaining a healthy blood pressure.

May and June are difficult months for observers anyway, as at my latitude (42 N) it isn't really dark enough to begin until at least 10:45 pm.  That makes for very late nights, and if one is working the next day (I am semi-retired, and still work three days a week), then it is nearly impossible to stay out all night.  Even an all-night session this time of year barely goes 5 1/2 hours anyway.

Up till early April I managed a good late Winter/early Spring session, nabbing 47 new galaxies in Leo.  However, as of early June I have not logged a single galaxy in Bootes, a constellation I had hoped to complete this year.  A large part of the reason for that has been the lousy weather.  Also, I went to London England on a short holiday in late April, right smack in the middle of the new moon season.  I usually try to book my holidays around the full moon, but this time I messed up.  So I undoubtedly missed two or three nights of observing.  When we returned on May 1st, the skies could not give us enough dark nights.  Of course, the high Spring moon was there, getting bigger and brighter all the time.  After 8 such nights it finally came to last quarter.  Clouds, rain, haze, and more clouds.  There are few words that accurately describe the feeling one gets when an entire two months of already short observing goes missing.

Anyway, there is really no one to officially take my complaint to, so I am forced to live with it.  As a result, Deb and I fired up the 6" reflector on our back deck last week.  We managed three lunar observing sessions in a row, along with that of Jupiter.  A 6" scope is more than enough firepower for lunar work, and almost enough for Jupiter.  So our lunar work was more successful.  The highlights were observing a few famous details, including the Alps, the Caucasus, and the Apennine Mtns.  There were also spectacular views of the Alpine Valley, Straight Wall, and Hyginus Cleft.

Alpine Valley and Lunar Alps

 Hyginus Cleft

 Straight Wall, near Birt Crater.
Happily, we also sought out the landing site of Apollo 15, snuggled beneath Mons Hadley, in the northern end of the Apennines.  I found a very helpful photo on the internet that gives a pretty good indication of just how high that mountain is.  From the shadow we saw that night in the scope, it is one impressive beast.  It rises over 4,000m above the plains, where the astronauts were galavanting.
 Apollo 15 astronaut beneath Mons Hadley.  Someone has cleverly inserted the world's tallest building into the background, against the mountain.  The building is 828m, and the mountain is 4200m, which is about 5x higher.
Hopefully I will still be able to get some work done this year in Bootes.  Dark sky work can begin again around June 18th for me (I am going to be away again for the first part.  Sigh).
Clear skies, wherever you are.  Hopefully not where I am, because there seems to be no such thing.

Sunday, 2 April 2017

#105 Climbing Mount Everest: The NGC Project Contines!

NOTE:  Part of this article appeared in the March newsletter of the RASC Windsor, Canada.

Up to and including April 1st, 2017, I managed to snag 68 new NGC/IC objects, mostly in Auriga and Leo.  I enjoyed 10 outings with the 12" Dob, totaling just over 26 chilly hours of observing time.  I also managed to add 24 new deep sky objects from other catalogues, as well as a few dozen double stars.  I still have a few years to go before finishing Leo, but have added 48 of its NGC galaxies so far this year.  Auriga will be easily finished next autumn/winter, and then I will commence my first extensive survey of Orion.  It has been a productive winter and early spring.  Once Leo has passed by, I will resume work in Bootes and Hercules, likely finishing up NGC work in both constellations this season.

When exactly I decided to go for all of the NGC I cannot say, but I likely had a fever at the time.  I am not pursuing all of the IC objects at this moment, but I do drop in on them if nearby, as well as objects from other catalogues.  I wanted to take my time seeing each NGC object, recording it in my log (with a sketch if possible) and hopefully remembering many of them with the help of my notes.  I did not want this to become merely a checklist, and so far it has not been so.

From 42 degrees N Lat. there are approximately 6400 NGC objects visible, out of a total of 7800+.  I do not usually plan on viewing galaxies if they fall below -30 degrees declination, but with clusters I can go almost to the horizon (around -40 degrees).  I have seen a few larger and brighter galaxies lower than -30 degrees, but they are not usually very impressive in our south skies from Hallam Observatory.  In a moment I will tell you how many NGC objects I have seen so far.  I do count ones I have seen with the old 8” scope and not yet with the 12”, though I have redone many of them with the larger aperture.

During the spring of 2013 I began my Leo project observing from Malden, Essex County, Ontario.  The south skies were okay, but not great.  I didn’t observe from Hallam Observatory until much later that year.  So my first season was rather slow going, and I ended up with less than 35 galaxies observed.  Still, it had been the start of a great adventure and I couldn’t wait for the next year.  In the meantime I had expanded my NGC project to Lyra, then on to Cygnus, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cetus, Bootes, Lepus, Monoceros, Sagittarius, Aquila, Delphinus, Equuleus, and others, now all completed except Cetus.  I am continuing my work in Leo, as well as in Hercules, Pegasus, and a few others.

Back to Leo.  I have now spent four spring seasons observing galaxies here (all of the Leo NGCs are galaxies).  2017 is my fifth year exploring this most amazing constellation.  Though Leo has its fair share of 14th mag. little troublemakers, there are so many bigger and brighter ones that during each session I can count on at least one gem, if not more.  And they often come in twos, threes, fours, and mores.  Some sessions I may only log six or seven objects, especially if they are all singles.  Other nights I might grab fifteen, especially if there is a quintet (last night I got 12).  Some of the galaxies require great finding skills.  I generally use my Push-To computer to get into an area, then star hop (actually, galaxy hop) for the session.  I may spend more time searching for a faint galaxy than observing it, but the brighter ones get plenty of my observing time.  I have now located and recorded 250 of Leo’s 363 galaxies.  That’s a little better than 50 per year on average, not that far from my original goal (last year was my most successful, seeing around 80!).  I even make time to go back and review some of them from time to time, and not just the five Messier objects.  Leo is an amazing playground for a 12” scope!

And finally, how many of the 6400 NGC objects available to me from Hallam have I observed so far?  Would you believe just over 1700? (as of Apr. 1st, 2017)  That is a little better than 25% of them!  Huzzah!  It will be impossible to finish the project in my lifetime, but I like it that way.  I will never run out of things to observe.  I will certainly finish the summer and autumn NGCs, but the spring galaxies will prove to be too overwhelming.  Winter is also a tough season for observers in Canada.  I will continue to report on my progress here; usually as I finish a constellation I post about it here.  Due to the size and number of Leo objects I will continue to post progress reports by Uranometria chart.  An new entry should come later, so check back if you are a Leo fan.

Clear skies!
Mapman Mike

Monday, 20 February 2017

#104: An Open Cluster Tour: Monoceros

This is an article I wrote for our club newsletter, Jan./17 issue.  The club is RASC Windsor, Canada.  Hope you enjoy!

Thursday, 8 December 2016

# 103 Taurus: The NGC Objects

It's been a while since I have posted.  I have other blogs, too, and I try to have a life, or at least part of one.  Some of my other blogs include travel (London, UK, and the Southwest USA), literature (Ballantine Adult Fantasy Series, and Avon/Equinox Rediscovery SF Series), and just a down home blog for family and friends.  Links to all my blogs can be found on my home website, which is

Anyway, it has taken me a few years to get through Taurus with the 12".  Skies are not at their best during November and December at my location, and neither are the temperatures.  In the past two months I have had 3 clear nights (not counting all those beautiful skies just before, during, and after full moon).  Work continues in Pegasus, and I have even made some progress in Cetus.  Replacing Taurus for winter observing this year is Auriga, should it ever become clear again.

Taurus has two Messier objects (1 and 45), a number of galaxies, and several good open clusters.  It is a sprawling constellation, and takes a long time to fully rise in late autumn skies.  Even when the Pleiades are well up, the rest of the constellation still needs time to get into a good observing position.  Here follows a complete list of my observations of the Taurus NGC with my Orion Go To 12" Dob.  IC and objects from other catalogues will follow in a separate entry.

eg 1349:  0'.8 x 0'.8:  Vis. mag. 13; SB 12.4:  This galaxy has a bright center, and is possibly oval.  It was seen at 187x and 200x, close to a bright star.  Less than a degree north is a lovely triple star, Struve 430.

eg 1384:  0'.9 x 0'.5:  Vis. mag. 14.5; SB 13.4:  The galaxy is nearly stellar, and it appears like a star with some haze around it.  It is very small.

eg 1409:  0'.9 x 0'7:  Vis. mag. 13.8; SB 13.2: 09 was spotted at 136x.  It was somewhat oval, larger
eg 1410:  0'.7 x 0'.6:  Vis. mag. 14.3; SB 13.5:  than expected, and fairly bright.  10 was just north, being much smaller and fainter.  Though not completely enmeshed, they are very close and can deceive the eye at 187x and 200x.

eg 1431:  1' 0'.8:  Vis. mag. 14.1; SB 13.7:  Viewed at 187x and 200x.  It was very faint and round, just a small hazy patch.

gn 1432:  26' x 26':  Reflection Nebula around Maia:  Fainter and smaller than 1435, but still easy to see.  Within M 45.

gn 1435:  30' x 30':  Reflection Nebula around Merope:  Easily visible, even in smaller scopes.  Within M 45.

eg 1462:  0'.9 x 0'.5:  Vis. mag. 14.2; SB 13.2:  Confirmed at 136x, it was a very faint and elongated haze.  It was also viewed at 187x and 200x, and seemed to be involved with two faint stars.

eg 1474/IC 2002:  1'.3 x 1'.1:  Vis. mag. 13.8; SB 13.9:  The galaxy is slightly oval and faint.  It was viewed at 136x and 187x, and is located south of a faint star.

eg 1497:  1'.5 x 0'.7:  Vis. mag. 13.1; SB 13:  After a fairly long search it was finally located at 136x.  It was bright, large and round to slightly oval.  Up to 250x gives good views, where the galaxy is now oval.  It has a bright stellar core.

eg 1508:  0'.7 x 0'.6:   Vis. mag. 14.5; SB 13.4:  I used a hand-drawn pinpoint location map.  The galaxy was round, faint and ghostly at 187x and 200x.  It was not really small, and it appeared evenly lit.  Later I was able to see it at 136x.

pn 1514:  132"; Vis. 10.9; Cent. * mag. 9.4:  This is a much better object to view with a 12" scope than 1555.  At 60x I observed it with and without a Skyglow filter.  It was also observed at 120x with the Skyglow, and then without it.  I went as high as 200x.  It is a massive but faint circular haze surrounding the bright central star.  The nebula is an unexpected sight, and worth a stopover.

eg 1517:  1' x 0'.9:  Vis. mag. 13.4; SB 13.1:  Suspected at 100x, the object showed nicely at 136x.  It precedes a bright star.  It was quite bright, small and round.  Views were good at 187x.  A pretty decent galaxy in a 12".

eg 1539:  0'.5 x 0'.5:  Vis. 14.8; SB 13.4:  Another very challenging object!  Luckily I had great skies, and a pinpoint hand-drawn map.  It was spotted at 136x and 187x.  It is tiny, round and faint.  At 200x, 250x, and 272x it appears stellar with direct vision, and like a fuzzy star with averted vision.

eg 1541:  1'.4 x 0'.6:  Vis. mag. 13.5; SB 13.2:  Viewed at 100x, 136x, and 187x.  The galaxy is very, very faint in my early southeast sky. I seemed to mostly see a brighter oval center, with no extension.

eg 1542:  1'.3 x 0'.5:  Vis. mag. 13.9; SB 13.3:  Spotted at 187x and 250x, it is very small and very faint.  I was likely just seeing the core.

eg 1550 (1551):  2'.2 x 1'.9:  Vis. mag. 12; SB 13.4:  Different numbers, same object.  Viewed at 136x and 187x, it was pretty bright but not large.  Again, only the bright center was showing well, and it was oval.  An observing friend was barely able to view it, but it showed itself more easily to me.

gn 1555:  1' x 1'; Reflection Nebula:  1554 is sometimes associated with this object, but is considered as either an error now, or a "lost" nebula which once existed but no longer does.  Hind's Variable Nebula (with Struve's Lost Nebula).  Visually this tiny nebula, separated from T Tauri (mag. 9.5 star), isn't much to look at.  Most sources agree that 1554 is the "lost" nebula, and 1555 is the one present and accounted for.  At 136x and 187x it is seen best with averted vision.  At 200x is appears somewhat clumpy, with areas of uneven brightness.

eg 1587:  1'.7 x 1'.5:  Vis.  mag. 11.7; SB 12.7:  87 was seen at 100x, and both were in view at 136x.
eg 1588:  1'.1 x 0'.6:  Vis. mag. 12.9; SB 12.5:  They are both bright at 187x.  250x gives very good views.  Though there is an obvious difference in size and brightness, both galaxies are good objects for a 12" scope.

eg 1589:  3'.2 x 1':  Vis. mag.  11.8; SB 12.9:  Spotted at 60x and 100x, where it appeared large, bright, and oval.  It is located near a bright star, and is just north of 1587 and 1588.  136x shows all 3 galaxies in the field.  It is very bright at 187x and even at 250x, now showing a bright stellar core.

eg 1590:  0'.9 x 0'.7:  Vis. mag. 13.7; SB 13:  Located at 100x.  At 136x it was oval using averted vision, and small.  187x and 250x give much better views.  It lies just south of 3 bright stars.  It is slightly oval and not very large.

eg 1593/1608:  1'.6 x 0'.6:  Vis. mag. 13.4; SB 13.3:  Duplicate entry in the NGC. Called 1608 on Uranometria.  Viewed at 187x and 250x, the galaxy was small, oval, and ghostly in appearance.  I was only seeing the central area.

eg 1615:  1'.2 x 0'.7:  Vis. mag. 13.9; SB 13.6:  Spotted at 100x!  Observed nicely at 136x and 187x, it was oval.  It was easy to view with averted vision, and it has a bright core.  Two bright stars are in the field.

eg 1633:  1'.2 x 1'.1:  Vis. mag./SB 13.5:  33 was spotted at 136x, being large but pretty faint.  3
eg 1634:  0'.5 x 0'.5:  Vis. mag. 14.1; SB 12.6:  bright stars are nearby.  34 was glimpsed at 200x and 250x, being tiny, round and faint.  It was south of 33 but very close.  At high power 33 is pretty large. 

eg 1642:  1'.7 x 1'.2:  Vis. mag. 12.6; SB 13.2:  Spotted at 100x.  At 136x it is large, bright and oval.  Very good views were had at 187x.  Taurus is proving to have some fine galaxies. 

oc 1647:  40'; Mag. 6.4; 200 *s; Br. * mag. 9:  At 42x perhaps 100 stars can be counted (I counted 25 in a quadrant), many of which are of similar magnitude.  The cluster is very large but pretty dense.  2 bright yellow stars (mag. 6 and 7) sit on the south edge and point towards the cluster.  A fine bright double star is near the center.  60x fills the eyepiece with bright stars.  Views remain impressive at 83x, with many of the brighter stars clumping together in threes, fours, and fives.  This is a good object for any size scope, including a 2".

oc 1746/1750/1758:  40'; Mag. 6.1; 20 *s; Br. * mag. 8:  Uranometria combines all three numbers into one gigantic cluster.  Quite lovely at 60x.  I was impressed, at any rate.  I viewed it mostly at 83x, then lastly at 100x.  There are 6 or 7 bright stars, depending on your eyesight.  There are denser pockets, including the preceding end.  Another is at the following end, between two bright stars.  The cluster is pretty scattered, though pretty rich.  There are curving lines, intersecting loops, and long, cascading streams of stars.  One such stream breaks away and goes north, like an elephant's trunk, from the following dense are mentioned above.  100x resolves the cluster entirely.  There is a lot to see here, and the longer you look, the more you see.
A nice photo of NGC 1746, 1750, and 1758.  Think of it as one big, happy family of stars,

oc 1802:  20'; 25 *s; Br. * mag. 9.2:  At 60x and 100x I observed a dozen bright stars, including two curved lines intersecting.  there are a similar number of faint stars, especially at 136x.  The cluster is large, scattered, and not rich.

oc 1807:  12'; mag. 7; 37 *s; Br. * mag. 9:  I enjoyed views of this bright cluster at 60x, 83x, 100x, and 136x.  It contains about 10 bright stars (5 shown on Uranometria), and perhaps 15 fainter ones.  There is a bright stellar triangle near the center, with one of them having a very close companion.  The cluster is shaped like an airplane, with a double row of stars for the body, and a single row for the wings.  The wings point south to a very bright yellow star.  To the north they point to a faint but very rich field of the Milky Way.  The cluster should be suitable for all apertures.

oc 1817:  20'; Mag. 7.7; 283 *s; Br. * mag. 9:  Quite beautiful, even at 60x.  At low powers it makes a wonderful double cluster with 1807.  The cluster is vast and star-filled.  The section closest to 1807 (south preceding) has the brightest stars (4 shown on Uranometria).  In addition to the 4 brightest, there are around 20-25 stars of medium brightness, and a nearly uncountable number of faint ones.  At 136x the cluster is worth a long look.  The preceding section is dense, especially amongst the bright stars.  Another dense area is the north central section, which is in a curved L-shape.  In addition to the numerous stars are large areas that appear empty.  This is a wonderful object in a 12".  Take your time!
 Oc 1807, right; oc 1817, left

gn 1952--Messier 1:  6' x 4'; Emission Nebula:  This large, bright supernova remnant is very impressive in a 12" mirror, especially one that has recently undergone a very thorough cleaning!  It is very large, very bright, and very elongated.  The large center is much brighter than its outer edges.  Several faint stars appear to be close or even touching the outside edges.  The south-following end is very patchy, whereas the north end tapers gently and fades gradually.  This object is recommended, especially for those who like to take their time with a nice, long look.  Quite a bit of detail can be discerned from this object which suddenly appeared in 1054 A.D.

oc 1996:  22'; cl?:  Another group of stars that may not be a cluster.  This is a very rich area of the sky to begin with.  At 60x I observed a nice group of stars preceding Tau 125, a bright star of mag. 5.  There are many faint members, and they remain faint at 100x.  Best views were at 136x, with 35 stars counted, somewhat starfish in shape.  The center is dark except for a faint, very close double star.  This is a grand area for casual sweeping.

oc 2026:  10'; 35 *s; Br. * mag. 9: This cluster is a bit tricky to pick out from the rich background.  There is also some doubt as to whether or not this is a true cluster.  I observed it at 136x, where it lies immediately north of a mag. 9 star.  3 bright stars within the group form a triangle, with the base pointing north.  These two stars have fainter stars clustered around them.  There are many dark gaps, including a wide, main black area running north/south.

That wraps it up for NGC objects in Taurus.  I will soon commence work on Part Two, which will include the IC objects I have seen (not all of them were located), as well as objects from other catalogues.  M 45 can be found in Part Two.
Mapman Mike


Friday, 7 October 2016

#102 Lacerta: The NGC and IC Objects

There are 25 NGC objects in Lacerta.  20 are galaxies and 5 are open clusters.  There are 4 IC objects: 1 galaxy, 1 planetary nebula, and 2 open clusters.  My work was spread over two observing years, 2015 and 2016.  Late summer and early autumn are ideal times to observe in this area.  Objects listed are in catalogue order, as observed in my 12" Dob.

eg 7197:  1'.6 x 0'.8:  Vis. 12.8; SB 12.9:  Spotted at 100x.  At 136x it appears very elongated.  It is pretty large, rather bright, and has a very faint star preceding.  At 187x and 250x it is pretty bright and impressive.  A rich and bright star field lies just north and north following.

oc 7209:  15'; Mag. 7.7; 98 *s; Br. * Mag. 9:  This beautiful, large cluster lies just south of HT, a yellow star of Mag. 6.5.  I viewed the cluster at length at 43x, 60x, 83x, 100x and 136x.  It is a widely scattered group, having many bright members.  At 100x I counted 80 stars.  About 30 of them form a curving, omega-shaped feature in the midst.  It is often a double line of stars.  This line(s) contains many of the brightest stars.  At 136x the cluster is very bright and very widely scattered, just fitting into my field of view.  At 43x this is also a very attractive cluster.  Highly recommended for 6" and larger.
 A nice view of oc 7209 in Lacerta.

eg 7223:  1'.4 1'.1:  Vis. 12.2; SB 12.5:  Viewed at 136x, 187x, and 200x.  It is aligned with 3 faint stars, all in a fairly straight line.  The galaxy appears involved with the middle star.  It is quite large, very oval, and seen well with averted vision. 
NGC 7223. 

eg 7227:  1'.3 x 0'.6:  Vis. 13.5; SB 13.1:  28 was spotted first, at 100x and then at 136x, 187x and
eg 7228: Vis. 13.5; SB 14.4:  2'.1 x 1'.2: 200x.  27 was seen north following 2 bright stars in a line pointing towards 28.  The galaxies make a very faint pair, at least near the end of a damp observing night.

eg 7231:  1'.9 x 0'.7:  Vis. 13; SB 13.2:  This was faintly visible at 60x.  It is easy to locate at 100x.  A bright and wide double star precedes it.  A very rich star field faint, immediately folows.  136x and 187x give the best views.  It is pretty large and oval.

eg 7240:  0'.6 x 0'.6:  Vis 14.2; SB 13:  42 was actually spotted at 60x!  It was viewed well at 100x,  
eg 7242:  2'.3 x 1'.7:  Vis. 13.2; SB 14.6:  136x, and 187x.  There appear to be two faint stars involved, or very close.  It is large and oval, best seen with averted vision.  40 was easily spotted at 187x  with a.v.  It is small, but not too much so.  Later, it could be glimpsed even at 100x, though here it is quite small.

oc 7243:  30'; Mag. 6.4; 40 *s; Br. * Mag. 8:  The night I observed this fine cluster I was able to view it in three different instruments.  In my 4 1/4" Astroscan RFT at 16x, several brighter stars resolved in two different areas.  Best view in this scope was using an 8 MM eyepiece, giving 56x.  Moving to Deb's 6" Dob, views were perfect!  The cluster looks remarkable at 42x and is fully resolved.  In the 12" Dob at 43x the cluster is very large and very bright.  It is a clumpy cluster, having vast areas with no stars.  60x and 83x fill the field of view with stars.  I counted about 80 obvious ones.  Recommended especially for small apertures.  STF 2890 is right in the center (9.4-9.7/ 9.4 "; also a 9.4 at 73").  The main pair is split at 43x.  The further member tends to get lost in the cluster.

oc 7245:  5'; Mag. 9.2; 169 *s; Br. * mag. 12.8:  The cluster is hazy at 60x, just preceding a mag. 9 star.  At 100x aver yiew stars are resolved over top the haze.  136x resolves a north/south line of faint stars.  187x resolves many more stars, but there is still unresolved haze back there.  250x and 272x give the best views, showing a very tightly packed central area.  It is nicely resolved!  There were also good views at 375x.  About 40 or 50 stars are resolved.
oc King 9 lies north following oc 7245.

eg 7248:  1'.7 x 0'.9:  Vis. 12.4; SB 12.7:  Spotted at 136x, it appeared very small and oval.  The galaxy has close, faint pair of stars following and preceding.  187x, 200x, and 250x show a bright center.  The object seems to have an odd shape, like a heart.

eg 7250:  1'.7 x 0'.8:  Vis. 12.6; SB 12.8:  Spotted at 100x, nearly touching a mag. 11 star.  It was very elongated and very bright.  136x and 187x provided good view with averted vision.  200x shows a large elliptical galaxy that continues south right into the 11 mag. star.  This is a recommended object in a 12" scope or higher.

eg 7263:   0'.8 x 0'.7:  Vis. 14.6; SB 13.8:  Not difficult to locate at 100x.  It is the apex of a triangle with 2 faint stars south preceding.  Much easier than 7264.

eg 7264:  2'.2 x 0'.3:  Vis. 13.8; SB 13.2:  This is a tricky object see in a 12", and only averted vision gives effective views.  The needle galaxy is alongside 2 faint stars that precedei ti, and though these stars don't give off much light, they do still interfere enough.  Spotted at 100x and glimpsed through 250x, usually only the central area is seen.  However, on occasion a thin slash can be caught, extending beyond the 2 stars.

eg 7265:  2'.4 x 1'.9:  Vis. 12.2; SB 13.7:  This one is big and bright, spotted easily at 60x and observed through 250x.  It was quite large, oval, and has a bright core.  Along with its accompanying rather bright star pattern, the galaxy is a minor showpiece in a 12".  UGC 12007 can also be glimpsed at 200x and 250x, if one knows exactly where to look.

eg 7273:  0'.8 x 0'.5:  Vis. 13.8; SB 12.7:  74 and 76 can be seen at 100x.  74 is easy and bright,
eg 7274:  1'.5 x 1'.5:  Vis. 12.8: SB 13.6:  and 76 is noticeably smaller and fainter.  They make a
eg 7276:  0'.9 x 0'.9:  Vis. 13.9; SB 13.8:  nice pair in an area teaming with galaxies.  At 187x, all three can be glimpsed in the same field, north to south.  73, despite being the smallest and faintest of the 3, is not that difficult to detect with averted vision.  Definitely worth a visit.
NGC 7273, 74, and 75.

eg 7282:  2'.5 x 1':  Vis. 13.7; SB 14.5:  Located at 100x, though barely glimpsed in this range.  At 136x it was large and oval, preceding 2 bright stars.  187x gives better views, as the galaxy now appears large and very oval.  A very faint star appears at the following end.  Views are still fair at 200x.  In this range, a faint star also appears at the preceding end.

oc 7295:  2'; 20 *s; Br. * mag. 10:  A poor cluster, it was noted at 60x, where a few stars are located near a mag. 9.5 star.  It is sparse and poor and high power.  Perhaps 7 stars were seen.  More like a wide multiple star than an open cluster.  It's important to note that Uranometria considers this group different from 96, below.  Many sites consider them the same object.

oc 7296:  3'; Mag. 9.7; 20 *s; Br. * mag. 10:  This small cluster is already attractive at 60x.  A dozen brighter stars are seen, led by a mag. 10 star.  At 136x I counted 20 stars, including a half circle following the bright star.  South of the circle is a dense line, roughly E/W.   187x shows four faint stars withing the circle, and another one extending it around further.  The group seems larger than 3'.  Not the same object as 7295 (see Uranometria).

 eg 7330:  1'.4 x 1'.4:  Vis. 12.2; SB13:  Located at 100x, and observed successfully at 136x, 187x, and 200x.  Though at 100x it appeared to beflaring oval, it was round at higher powers, and pretty bright.  A bright star is preceding.  Later it could be seen at 60x, but it appeared nearly stellar here.  The center is a bit brighter at high power.

eg 7379:  1'.1 x 0'.8:  Vis. 13.4; SB 13:  Located at 100x, where it is small and faint.  136x gives a better view, and it appears larger.  187x gives an even better view.  The galaxy lines up with 2 stars, south and following, shown well at 272x.  High power shows it as oval, with a bright center.

eg 7395:  1'.2 x 1'.1:  Vis. 13.8; SB 14:  Spotted at 100x, it was round, faint, but pretty big.  It sits very close to a faint star.  136x shows it well, but 187x is even better.  It is fading at 200x.

eg 7426:  1'.7 x 1'.4:  Vis. 12.3; SB 13.2:  Spotted easily at 60x, despite its proximity to H 975, a bright double star (5.7-9.2/52").  The galaxy is oval.  The view at 136x includes the colourful double star, and is quite nice.  It has a bright center.  A very good pairing of objects.
eg 7476 pairs nicely with double star H 975. 

The IC
Oc I. 1434:  7'; Mag. 9; 40 *s; Br. * mag. 12:  A very fine and unique cluster, one of this observing night's pleasant surprises!  About 60 or more faint star4s an be seen with wonderful views up to 1878x.  There are 4 bright stars on the south edge, and another one in the north.  The central area is small and dense, resolving nicely in the 12".  There is much less resolution and more haze when I stopped down to 8".  The cluster features 2curving star streams, both following the central area,  The stream to the south has fewer stars and curves south.  the north stream is larger and curves north.  Beautiful at 136x!

Oc I. 1442:  5'; mag. 9.1; 104 *s (!); Br. * mag. 12:  There is nothing seen in Uranometria's location.  However, there is a notable cluster south preceding their spot, preceding the 2 brighter stars and between them.  This consists of a circlet of stars with a tail that precedes it.  Views are good at 100x through 187x.  Certainly not 104 stars.

eg I. 5180:  1' x 0'.8:  Vis. 13.3; SB 13:  Spotted at 100x, it is faint and round.  At 136x and 187x it is slightly oval.  It has a faint star preceding.

pn I. 5217:  15"; Vis. 11.3; Central * Mag. 15.5:  This tiny object was suspicious at 136x due to its colour, shape, and texture.  187x shows a very tiny disc, much fainter than the 10.4 mag. star 2' south.  At 250x it is round, pretty bright, and small.  272x with a Skyglow filter is best, where it now appears nearly as bright as the 10.4 mag. star.

I sincerely hope you enjoy your journey through this wonderful constellation!  Clear skies!
Mapman Mike